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Zebrafish Knockout Services

Zebrafish Knockout Services

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Gene knockouts are a commonly used tool for biologists to understand gene function. Examination of phenotypes when the gene is deleted can reveal insights into what role that gene plays in the organism.

Using CRISPR/Cas9 in zebrafish, we can disrupt integral regulatory domains of a gene or the coding sequence of a gene (KO null), or even remove the entire functional domian or the entire coding sequence depending on gene size (KO deletion).

If deletion of your gene is lethal, consider making a floxed gene.

Service Options 

Standard Injection Mix Standard Injection Mix + Screening Primers Validated sgRNA Injection Mix Complete Validated Injection Mix Mosaic Clutch* (F0 injected embryos) Full Build** (Sequence verified heterozygous line)
KO Design
Injection Mix Assembly
Locus Evaluation &
Screening Reagents
InVivo sgRNA Testing
InVivo Editing Assessment
Expertly Injected Embryos
Germline Transmission
Screening & Line Propagation
KO null (disrupt site)#
$895 and up
$1,695 and up
$3,495 and up
n/a
$8,895 and up
$22,995 and up
KO deletion (remove seq)##
$995 and up
$1,995 and up
$4,495 and up
$5,995 and up
$9,395 and up
$26,995 and up
Timeline3-4 weeks4-6 weeks6-8 weeks8-10 weeks4-6 months9-12 months
More DetailsMore DetailsMore DetailsMore DetailsMore DetailsMore Details
* This service is only available to clients in the United States.
** Full Build includes screening n=100 adults; standard husbandry charge applies.

# Includes evaluation of 2 sgRNAs

## Includes evaluation of 4 sgRNAs

Injection Mix and sgRNA Validation Details

Standard Injection Mix

Choose this option if you want us to pick your sgRNA site, have already tested your sgRNA in vivo, or want to make a CRISPR knockout. We send a custom designed injection mix and you develop your own preferred detection/screening protocol.

What’s Included?
  • Consultation with a genetic engineer to develop the genome editing strategy
  • In silico design of all reagents including the sgRNA site and donor homology template
  • Sequence files for the donor homology construct and edited locus
  • 4 vials of 10uL lyophilized sgRNAs duplexed with the Cas9 protein
  • Injection dyes for early visualization of injection success
  • Detailed Instructions on mix reconstitution and injection protocols.

Standard Injection Mix + Screening Primers

Choose this option if you want to inject and screen for your edit by PCR without having to worry about designing your own screening primers. This option includes our standard mix plus ready-to-go screening primers. 

What’s Included?
  • Our Standard Injection Mix PLUS:
  • Prescreened Allele Specific PCR primers to detect your edit in zebrafish tissue.

Validated sgRNA Injection Mix

Choose this option if you want us to guarantee your injection mix is designed around a high efficiency sgRNA site using our rigorous in-house testing process. 

What’s Included?
  • Our Standard Injection Mix PLUS:
  • Selection and testing of two sgRNAs for in vivo evaluation of cutting efficiency
  • Donor homology designed around a demonstrated high efficiency sgRNA site
  • In vivo screening for potential polymorphisms in your target locus

Complete Validated Injection Mix

Choose this option if you want a CRISPR knockin with completely validated reagents to use in your lab and to find your gene edited line. This is the best Custom Injection Mix option for the novice zebrafish line builder.

What’s Included?
  • OUR VALIDATED sgRNA INJECTION MIX PLUS:
  • Full in vivo evaluation of somatic editing efficiency.
  • Confirmation of integration capacity of your edit into the zebrafish genome

Mosaic Clutch (F0 injected embryos)

Choose this option if you want a CRISPR knockin with completely validated reagents to use in your lab and to find your gene edited line. This is a good option for the researcher who wants to outsource part of the workload in the development of a new line.

What’s Included?
  • Our Complete Validated Injection Mix PLUS:
  • Expertly injected embryos for direct submission to you nursery
  • Fully validated PCR primers and protocols for edit detection assay in your own lab.

Full Build (Sequence verified heterozygous line)

Choose this option if you want us to deliver a stable sequence validated CRISPR knockin line.

What’s Included?
  • Veried Clutch (F0 injected Embryos) Plus:
  • Growth of F0 injected embryos in our nursery
  • Rigous screening of F0 injected adults for germline transmission of your edit
  • Sequence conformation and propagation of F1 heterozygous animals

Injection Mix Service Component Descriptions

Injection Mix

Injection Mix

We create a mix using quality custom reagents from our validated suppliers. The sgRNAs are duplexed with the Cas9 protein.

The mix is created using concentrations of Cas9, sgRNA and donor homology that work well in our genome editing pipeline. The mix is provided as a stable dehydrated reagent.

Four injection mixes are provided that reconstitute to 5ul of mix each.

  • Custom reagents from validated suppliers
  • Four 10uL lyophilized injection mixes with instructions on reconstitution
  • Rhodamine dye for early visualization of injection success
Screening Reagents

Screening Reagents

Integration efficiency in injected zebrafish embryosYou can miss your edit if you don’t have a good assay to detect it.

We will design and test a robust assay to detect your edit, which is critical when you begin germline screening.

We will also provide PCR primers and protocols for an edit detection assay.

  • PCR primers designed and tested to identify the target edit
  • PCR protocol to identify animals that contain your edit
sgRNA Testing

sgRNA Testing

Ensure that you have the quality reagents you need for a successful genome edit. The efficiency of the sgRNA guided cutting can vary widely and is directly tied to the achievement of a successful genome edit.

Algorithms and experience help us choose the best candidate sgRNAs for your project, but the guided cutting efficiency of an sgRNA can be impacted by genome organization, for example, chromatin accessibility. The best way to determine the effectiveness of an sgRNA in a Zebrafish genome is to test it in vivo in the injected embryos.

We test your sgRNAs for their ability to guide Cas9 cutting. Our process also identifies SNPs and polymorphoisms in your locus that may impact homology directed repair. Embryos are injected with two different sgRNA/Cas9 duplexes and we determine the cutting efficiency for each sgRNA. If both sgRNAs fail to guide successful cutting, a third sgRNA is injected and tested.

Additional sgRNA testing can also be added with consultation.

  • Up to 3 sgRNAs tested for CRISPR cutting efficiency in zebrafish embryos
  • Selection against sgRNAs that have toxic effects
  • Identification of an sgRNA that is successful for guiding CRISPR cutting
In Vivo Editing Efficiency Screening

In Vivo Editing Efficiency Screening

Have total peace of mind by having us test your injection mix in our facility.

Our skilled injectionists will inject embryos with your mix and determine the somatic integration efficiency by PCR.

We will confirm the precise edit by sequencing to ensure that your edit is occurring correctly with no erroneous insertions.

  • Test injection of mix into embryos
  • Integration efficiency in injected embryos
  • Sequencing to confirm precise edit
Expertly Injected Embryos

Expertly Injected Embryos

Our team precisely injects the sg(s) targeting the locus or region of interest, Cas9 protein and the donor homology template to generate F0 embryos.

Germline Transmission Screening & Line Propagation

Germline Transmission Screening & Line Propagation

F0 embryos are reared to adulthood and then screened for germline transmission using a combination of screening techniques to identify germline founders. Identified adults are propagated to ensure a sufficient number of animals to ship to your facility.

Knockout Publications

  • Eyes shut homolog is required for maintaining the ciliary pocket and survival of photoreceptors in zebrafish

    Yu, M; Liu, Y; Li, J; Natale, BN; Cao, S; Wang, D; Amack, JD; Hu, H. Biol Open. 2016 Nov 15;5(11):1662-1673.

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